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Water Conservation
Agriculture Development
Land Reclamation

Agriculture, the main economic activity engages 90% of the population of the Badaun district. Most of the households own 3-6 bigha of land. The soil in Baduan district is fertile with a mixture of good alluvial/sandy loose soil, but there are pockets of highly saline (Usar) land deficient in NPK. Soil salinity is one of the most serious agricultural problems. The reason for this is the accumulation of salts in soil capillaries leading to a sharp decrease in plant fertility.

As the land holding is very small and the Usar land % is high, the famers have very limited earning from agriculture.

Usar land covers 11.86% of the total geographical area of Badaun district, and due to the high population density in Uttar Pradesh, its reclamation is considered essential towards poverty alleviation.

TCSRD started land reclamation project in 1993. Since 2008 the project is being implemented in collaboration with SDTT.


The project strives to increase the income of marginal farmers by improving the soil fertility and thereby, improving the agricultural productivity.


- To enhance and sustain productivity of Usar land and of other land with productivity constraints.

- To provide a model for integrated and holistic development at the village level with a focus on agriculture and soil fertility improvement interventions.

- To develop an institutional mechanism that promotes demand-driven land improvement and capacity building

Land reclamation involves the following processes
  • Selection of usar land
  • Formation of Bhoomi Sudhar Committees (BSCs)
  • Capacity building of BSC’s members and beneficiaries
  • Land preparation (shaping, levelling, and bunding)
  • Soil testing
  • Leaching
  • Ploughing
  • Application of gypsum
  • Contruction of link drains and field drains (Filling of field with water)
  • Cultivation of green manure
  • Transplanting of first paddy crop
  • Checking for Improvement of PH
  • Reapplication if required.
Impact of the project

Before reclamation, each hectare was producing only 5-10 kg of paddy, but after the land reclamation process, the yields of 40-45 quintals was attainable.

As the economic condition of the farmers has improved, they have started sending their children to schools. Almost 90% children have got enrolled in the school. The living standard of the people has also improved. Before the implementation of the project 65% families did not have pucca houses but now 98% of them are living in pucca houses and 50% of the families have constructed toilets.

Land reclamation details



Acres of land reclaimed


No. of farmers benefited


Total no. of people affected


No. of village covered


Income from the land reclaimed


The table depicts a journey of land reclamation from 1994-2010 which reveals the total area of land reclaimed till now. The reclaimed land continues to add to the food security and house hold income. Therefore, the project has not only given the farmers reasons to smile but added to the national food security.

Way Forward

TCSRD would continue to focus on replicating and scaling the project through collaborative partnership by enabling and empowering communities and thereby work towards improving the quality of life.

Additionally, the reclaimed land could be used for purposes such seed production to further improve the HH income. This would reduce the dependence of farmers on external seeds which were used as input for sowing. In this programme farmers would produce seeds that could be used as input during the next crop season.

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