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Water Conservation
Agriculture Development
Land Reclamation

TCSRD natural resource management program encompasses various agriculture and water resource management program. The integrated agriculture growth programs aims at sustainable use of land by adopting agriculture practices which are sustainable and technology driven. The integrated agriculture growth program follows a three pronged strategy of education, promotion of diversification of agriculture and promotion of new modern technology and inputs.


The primary purpose of the project is to increase income of people through agriculture intervention, provide them with opportunities to grow and reduce their risk and vulnerability.

Agriculture is the predominant occupation for majority of the people in India as majority of the workforce depends on agriculture for their livelihood.

The various agricultural practices supported by TCSRD includes land reclamation, agricultural mechanization, crop diversification and facilitating service and support systems covering planting materials, credit and extension, enhancing farmers’ capacities to understand and adopt modern agricultural practices through trainings.

The above mentioned agriculture practices are critical to reduce the rural poverty as the usage of the modern techniques can bring about prosperity and growth in the agriculture sector.


Agriculture growth program implemented by TCSRD includes projects under the following heads:

  • Awareness and capacity building program
  • Crop Diversification program
  • Modern Agriculture Equipment Distribution Program:
  • Smart krishi

Awareness and capacity building program for the farmers:

To achieve the goal of sustainable development in agricultural field, training programs are conducted to build the capacity of the farmers. Knowledge about the latest agriculture technology, cultivation practices and usage of improved seeds is provided during the awareness session organised by TCSRD.

Exposure visits and Kisan Mela, are also organised for the farmers to motivate them to use new techniques of farming. TCSRD uses these platforms to promote the concepts of modern farming that targets improved yields, use of technology such as drip & sprinkler irrigation, poly, net & green houses to optimize the usage of water and improve the agriculture yield.

Crop Diversification:

The program aims at diversifying from traditional crops like wheat, bajra to high value crops like vegetables, oil seeds groundnuts so that the farmers are able to manage the risks arising out of agriculture activity and thereby, improve their economic and financial condition. TCSRD fulfils this aim by making the provision for good quality seeds and saplings, by providing market linkages and training to the farmers.

Horticulture and vegetable farming are promoted with an objective of reducing the dependency of farmers on traditional crops. These crops also provide them better returns, both in the long term and short term.

Additionally, to improve the efficiency and productivity, water saving techniques such as micro irrigation, gypsum application to improve the texture of land are also promoted.

It also promotes the seed production program. This program not only helps the farmers with higher returns, but also provides them with good quality seeds on time and at a cheaper rate.

Demonstration of Pulse crops is initiated with the objective to provide pulses to the farmer as the cost of cultivation of pulses is low. The farmers are encouraged to grow pulses in place of the kharif crop like maize and bajra for better returns. Farmers are given demonstrations of various crops such as black gram and green gram.

Smart Krishi:

It was found that the agriculture techniques practiced in the field yielded very low production. Thus, the Smart krishi program was initiated to help increase the yield of crop production for a longer period of time. In this program, TCSRD helps provide not only quality inputs but also provides quality services in collaboration with TCL. Computerised laser levelling of land, deep ploughing, crop sowing with seed drill, crop nutrition and crop protection are some of the techniques promoted under this program

Modern Agriculture Equipment Distribution Program:

For a continuous agriculture growth, it is important that the farmers are able to procure the modern agriculture equipment at a cheaper rate. This program provides the farmers modern agriculture equipment at subsidized rates. A small percentage of the cost is borne by TCSRD while the rest is borne by the farmer.


Multiple benefits are visible across all the individual projects. Some of these are:

Through the training program farmers got an insight into the new agriculture technology, latest cultivation practices and knowledge about the improved seeds. Many farmers have learned new techniques from demonstrations and are implementing it in their fields. The major impact of this program is increased awareness and use of good quality seeds for crop cultivation. They were now aware about the doses of fertilizers for different crops and importance of bio-fertilizers in agriculture. They were using more quantity of compost and dung in their field than before. Use of higher yielding varieties of crops and crop protection techniques has increased.

Approximate 700 - 1000 farmers across locations get the benefit of the program every year.

Due to seed production program there was easy and assured availability of good quality seed. There was increase in the income due to sale of the surplus seed. The seeds fetched higher price than the normal crops which are used for consumption purpose. Thus, the overall benefit is not limited to the people involved in seed production rather it has percolated to other farmers as well.

Currently 6 SHG members have started seed production in approx. 10 acres of land.

Under the vegetable / horticulture promotion, in the year 09-10, 23 farmers have started vegetable farming in 30.75 acres of land.

The land treated under smart krishi program had increased production. There was decrease in cost of irrigation and weed management due to proper leveling of land. There was reduction in loss which was caused due to non uniform distribution of water in the field. In the year 2010, 52 acres of land was covered under the Smart Krishi program, benefiting 20 farmers from 10 villages with an increased production of approx. 20%.

With the help of modern agriculture equipments there has been a reduction in time taken for agricultural operations. The farmers are able to generate some income by providing these equipments on hire to others. Easy availability of spray machines helped them in application of insecticides and pesticides thus increasing the crop yield. 12 seed storage tank and 10 bullock harrow were distributed under this program in the year 09-10.

Farmers were given seeds and fertilizers during sowing season of wheat crop on credit basis. The repayment was done after the harvest of Rabi crops. Due to this program, the farmers became least dependent on moneylenders. Small farmers benefitted mainly in the form of easy source of credit and easy repayment scheme under this program. With more than 95% recovery every year over the last seven to ten years, this program of providing quality inputs on credit has been a great success.


TCSRD plans to make the agriculture growth program as a model program. Targeting small and marginal farmers, this program optimizes the output from their land. Replicating and scaling up this project would help in creating a sustainable resource base for sustainable agriculture. It will also support various research projects. TCSRD would collaborate with Centre for Agriculture Technology (TCL’s research arm for agriculture) for agriculture /soil research. It would focus on innovation and best practices.

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